The most interesting and tourist attraction in the world is the Great Wall of China. It is the longest wall and an amazing achievement of ancient protective structural design. It’s twisting path over the rocky area and steep mountains take in some great countryside.
The Great Wall of China is conceivably one of the most well-known sights in the world. Without any doubt as a Wonder of the World, the Great Wall is visited by thousands of travellers every year from all over the world and is starting to become a top choice for those travelling around the Asia.
Although it is the longest wall, actually, China is not the only country in history that built a wall along its border. The Roman Empire, Athens, Korea and Denmark all did so at the certain time in the history. The Hadrian’s Wall in northern England, constructed to split the Romans from the barbarians, extended 117 kilometres from Wallsend-on-Tyne (situated in the North Tyneside, England) in the east to Bowness-on-Solway (separates England and Scotland) in the west. All these famous walls were built for the intention of military defence, and the “Great Wall of China” was not an exemption.
The Reason of Building the Great Wall
As a kingdom, border defenses, served as trade barrier and tourism were the reasons of building and rebuilding of the Great Wall of China over the centuries.
The main purpose of building The Great Wall of China was to secure China from its opponents and attackers from the North, especially the Mongols. The Mongols were an ancestral group that would often conduct attacks into China. Regardless of the wall, the Mongols ultimately occupied China. The Great Wall also kept Chinese citizens from leaving China.
The Great Wall Construction History
The construction of The Great Wall of China was not at one time. In seventeenth and eighteenth century BC, conflicts happened often among the states of the Spring-Autumn and Warring-States reign and in order to protect themselves, they commenced to built walls and towers on the borders. The first built the wall was the state Chu. Since then, the Great Wall was reconstructed, extended throughout Chinese history for over 2,000 years by millions of Chinese people planned in for the construction. The primary purpose was always to protect the Chinese Empire from the Mongolians and other attackers.
- The Pre-Warring States Period
State overlords built state border walls. A Qi State duke first built a wall to prevent invasion from other states from 770 to 221 BC.
- The Qin Dynasty
The sections of Great Wall were linked to northern border by the First Emperor of Qin. Emperor Qin unified state walls to secure the northern border of China in 221-207 BC.
- The Han Dynasty
Han Wudi extended the Great Wall west to Yumen Pass and beyond to protect Silk Road trade from 206 BC to 220 AD.
- The Ming Dynasty
Hero General Qi Jiguang rebuilt the Great Wall around Beijing from 1368 to 1644. Most of today’s Great Wall was built or restored in the region of Ming Dynasty.
- The Qing Dynasty
From 1644 to 1911, the emperors of the Qing Dynasty didn’t build the Great Wall and even forbade it.
- Modern Times
The Great Wall reconstruction and protection began with Badaling in 1957.
Most of the current structure of Great Wall was built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and 6000km long approximately.
The Facts of Great Wall
- Wall is located in Northern China.
- Total length is 13,170.7 mi /21,196.18 km.
- More than 2300 years old.
- Almost 1/3 part of the Great Wall has disappeared without map out.
- The Great Wall was placed in the list of World Heritage by UNESCO in December 1987.
- Meng Jiangnv is the most popular Great Wall legend. Her husband died during Wall building. She wept so bitterly that a section of the Wall distorted, revealed the bones of her husband so she could bury them.
- The Great Wall was not constructed by the First Emperor of Qin but he linked the northern walls of the states he occupied.
- The Great Wall is not a continuous line but there are circular walls, side walls, parallel walls, and some sections with no wall.
- In the region of Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), sticky rice flour was used to bind the bricks of Great Wall.
- From 1966 to 1976 was the duration of the Cultural Revolution and many Great Wall bricks were used in the construction of homes, farms, or pools.
At any time you see this admired Great Wall, you must feel full of meaning appreciation. If you are planning a long travel to it to look in intensity upon this the best feat of engineering in the world, some of the knowhow of safety measures may help in preparation for your travel and exploration.
So, would you like to plan a travel trip to visit this famous place the Great Wall of China? Below are some of the travel tips of Great Wall of China:
- To avoid summer heat and winter freezing condition, plan to visit this place in spring and autumn.
- Try not to visit the Great Wall during a holiday if you want avoid crowding. The attraction is all the rage with tourists, but locals love the site as well.
- Mull over having a tour guide.
- Try to learn something more of the history and culture of the Great Wall before your travelling and hiking trip, to have a more knowledgeable travel experience.
- Decide the section you visit cautiously, depending on your interests and fitness.
- Don’t forget the types of equipments for camping. Although there are limited guesthouses and hostels for night stay.
- The best section of photography is Jiankou, Simatai, Jinshanling, and Mutianyu.
- Allow at least two hours for your trip in Badaling section. If you are staying here at night, getup early in the morning round about 7:00AM to catch the official tourist bus.
- Avoid grafting, because of this World Heritage protection, graffitinf is not allowed on the wall.
- Spend at least two hours at each section of wall for exploring the historical structure.
Before planning and travelling to Great Wall of China, keep in mind the remark by Mao Zedong (the founder of the People’s Republic of China). His remark goes to “the Great Wall of China”, which is a great engineering sensation, always attracts crowd from all over the world for adventurous tourists travel and tourism.
He says: “He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.”