In Punjab, Pakistan, Harappa is an archaeological place about 15 miles away from Sahiwal. The current & modern village of Harappa is about 1 kilometer away from the prehistoric site and it also has a railway station as a legacy of British Raj. It is considered that the ancient Harappa had about 370 acres area underuse of its inhabitants covered with amazing clay bricks houses. Harappa was the home of Indus civilization, one of the world’s modern urban civilizations. Now due to rising tourism industry of Pakistan, tourists from around the world are visiting this place.
Through excavations, the archaeologists found that this ancient civilization was dominant in the whole region for about 700 years. Hidden under the soil, it was a whole society which lived its life. This society not only developed its system, way of living but also ruled for a very long time. Near the present village of Harappa, after the most renowned archaeological excavation, the peoples who established these cities of very old civilization and ruled here are known as Harappa peoples.
In the years of 1872-73 in the mounds of Harappa, a brief excavation was carried out by Sir Alexander. He found here a seal of Indus civilization during his short inspection. After the World War 2, another excavation was carried out and walls were found, which are known as fortification or defense walls. These and some other excavations grabbed to world’ attention to this place as it is lost Indus Valley civilization and in sub-continent, Harappa is first ancient urban culture setting.
In this small circle of little more than 3 miles, there are many peaked mounds and the archaeologists have given each mound a different name in letter system. Centre of mound A/AB, there are pieces of evidence that in very old days it was re-established and re-built many times. Behind a curved wall, a water well and public bathing area were located. This well is one of the other eight water wells found in the Harappa.
Signs of circled inside houses and circle platforms are found between the mound F and AB. These circled houses are considered grain threshing rooms or structures, as they are near to the great granary area/structure. In the mound F, along with long passageway, there was duel sided six room structures, considered granary structures. But there was not even a single grain discovered so the archaeologists like better to call these structures simple great halls until further clarification is done in this regard through excavations.
Further, there are many ancient seals has been found in Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. These seals are considered written in the old script of Indus civilization. Instead of consulting epilogists from all over the world and their best efforts, they are not able to understand the script and the signs are un-deciphered. In short, Harappa has great scope for archaeologists and more to explore. Further discoveries and excavations may provide more information about the Indus Valley civilization and writing also. Tourists have also great opportunities to visit Harappa and know about the ancient great urban systems.